Monday, 30 September 2013

List of English irregular verbs

This list goes with the post I made recently, in which I linked to a study deck for irregular verbs: English irregular verbs (Anki deck)

This post is nothing more but the list of verbs that the Anki deck is made up of, you know, for those who have other study methods.
As with the deck, I only provide the verbs, not the translations so that everyone can study them, no matter your mother tongue.
Anyway, here we go, this is the list of 157 verbs the deck has been filled with.

to arise    arise - arose - arisen
to awake    awake - awoke - awoken
to be    be - was/were - been
to bear    bear - bore - borne/born
to beat    beat - beat - beaten/beat
to become    become - became - become
to begin    begin - began - begun
to bend    bend - bent - bent
to bet    bet - bet - bet
to bid    bid - bid - bid
to bind    bind - bound - bound
to bite    bite - bit - bitten
to bleed    bleed - bled - bled
to blow    blow - blew - blown
to break    break - broke - broken
to breed    breed - bred - bred
to bring    bring - brought - brought
to broadcast    broadcast - broadcast - broadcast
to build    build - built - built
to burn    burn - burned - burned OR burn - burnt - burnt
to burst    burst - burst - burst
to buy    buy - bought - bought
to cast    cast - cast - cast
to catch    catch - caught - caught
to choose    choose - chose - chosen
to cling    cling - clung - clung
to come    come - came - come
to cost    cost - cost - cost
to creep    creep - crept - crept
to cut    cut - cut - cut
to deal    deal - dealt - dealt
to dig    dig - dug - dug
to do    do - did - done
to draw    draw - drew - drawn
to dream    dream - dreamed - dreamed OR dream - dreamt - dreamt
to drink    drink - drank - drunk
to drive    drive - drove - driven
to eat    eat - ate - eaten
to fall    fall - fell - fallen
to feed    feed - fed - fed
to feel    feel - felt - felt
to fight    fight - fought - fought
to find    find - found - found
to fit    fit - fit - fit OR fit - fitted - fitted
to flee    flee - fled - fled
to fling    fling - flung - flung
to fly    fly - flew - flown
to forbid    forbid - forbade - forbidden
to forecast    forecast - forecast - forecast
to forget    forget - forgot - forgotten
to forgive    forgive - forgave - forgiven
to forsake    forsake - forsook - forsaken
to freeze    freeze - froze - frozen
to get    get - got - got
to give    give - gave - given
to go    go - went - gone
to grind    grind - ground - ground
to grow    grow - grew - grown
to hang    hang - hung - hung
to have    have - had - had
to hear    hear - heard - heard
to hide    hide - hid - hidden
to hit    hit - hit - hit
to hold    hold - held - held
to hurt    hurt - hurt - hurt
to keep    keep - kept - kept
to kneel    kneel - kneeled - kneeled OR kneel - knelt - knelt
to know    know - knew - known
to lay    lay - laid - laid
to lead    lead - led - led
to lean    lean - leaned - leaned OR lean - leant - leant
to leap    leap - leaped - leaped OR leap - leapt - leapt
to learn    learn - learned - learned OR learn - learnt - learnt
to leave    leave - left - left
to lend    lend - lent - lent
to let    let - let - let
to lie    lie - lay - lain
to light    light - lighted - lighted OR light - lit - lit
to lose    lose - lost - lost
to make    make - made - made
to mean    mean - meant - meant
to meet    meet - met - met
to mislay    mislay - mislaid - mislaid
to mistake    mistake - mistook - mistaken
to pay    pay - paid - paid
to prove    prove - proved - proven/proved
to put    put - put - put
to quit    quit - quit - quit OR quit - quitted - quitted
to read    read - read - read
to rid    rid - rid - rid
to ride    ride - rode - ridden
to ring    ring - rang - rung
to rise    rise - rose - risen
to run    run - ran - run
to say    say - said - said
to see    see - saw - seen
to seek    seek - sought - sought
to sell    sell - sold - sold
to send    send - sent - sent
to set    set - set - set
to shake    shake - shook - shaken
to shed    shed - shed - shed
to shine    shine - shone - shone OR shine - shined - shined
to shoot    shoot - shot - shot
to show    show - showed - shown/showed
to shrink    shrink - shrank/shrunk - shrunk
to shut    shut - shut - shut
to sing    sing - sang - sung
to sink    sink - sank - sunk
to sit    sit - sat - sat
to sleep    sleep - slept - slept
to slide    slide - slid - slid
to slit    slit - slit - slit
to smell    smell - smelled - smelled OR smell - smelt - smelt
to sneak    sneak - sneaked - sneaked OR sneak - snuck - snuck
to speak    speak - spoke - spoken
to speed    speed - sped - sped OR speed - speeded - speeded
to spell    spell - spelled - spelled OR spell - spelt - spelt
to spend    spend - spent - spent
to spill    spill - spilled - spilled OR spill - spilt - spilt
to spin    spin - spun - spun
to spit    spit - spit - spit OR spit - spat - spat
to split    split - split - split
to spoil    spoil - spoiled - spoiled OR spoil - spoilt - spoilt
to spread    spread - spread - spread
to spring    spring - sprang/sprung - sprung
to stand    stand - stood - stood
to steal    steal - stole - stolen
to stick    stick - stuck - stuck
to sting    sting - stung - stung
to stink    stink - stank/stunk - stunk
to strike    strike - struck - struck/stricken
to strive    strive - strove - striven OR strive - strived - strived
to string    string - strung - strung
to swear    swear - swore - sworn
to sweep    sweep - swept - swept
to swell    swell - swelled - swelled/swollen
to swim    swim - swam - swum
to swing    swing - swung - swung
to take    take - took - taken
to teach    teach - taught - taught
to tear    tear - tore - torn
to tell    tell - told - told
to think    think - tought - tought
to throw    throw - threw - thrown
to thrust    thrust - thrust - thrust
to understand    understand - understood - understood
to undertake    undertake - undertook - undertaken
to upset    upset - upset - upset
to wake    wake - woke/waked - woken
to wear    wear - wore - worn
to weave    weave - wove - woven
to weep    weep - wept - wept
to win    win - won - won
to wind    wind - wound - wound
to withdraw    withdraw - withdrew - withdrawn
to write    write - wrote - written

I'm not promising anything when it comes to post updates. I'm doing my master's degree and my writing and it's crazy busy.
Enjoy and good luck studying!

Kia

Saturday, 21 September 2013

English irregular verbs (Anki deck)

I've talked about creating Anki decks in the past and for one of my classes this year I need to brush up on my grammar. One of the most tricky things, I've always found, was irregular verbs. For that reason I've created my own Anki deck with irregular verbs and I'll share it with you all.

You can find my original post on Anki here: Anki, how to set it up to learn Japanese
It talks about what you need to install to get Anki to work to study Japanese but it also includes all the links to install Anki on your computer.

So, here is the link to the deck I created: https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/1042687651
(If you like the deck please don't forget to leave a rating, the more ratings the higher the visibility)

The directions to install are simple:
1. Download the deck (big green button)
2. Doubleclick on the file
3. It installs itself
4. Get ready to study (or look below to see how I made these cards prettier)


This is the way my cards look:



To create this same look you follow these steps:
1. Go to the deck page -> click Add -> Fields...
2. Make sure the first line is called Verb (originally front) and the second line is called conjugate (originally called back). Close this and go back to the Add screen.
3. Click on Cards...
4. Which brings you to this screen:

5. Add these sets of code in the boxes on the left side:
Front Template:

<div class=quest>Verb<br/></div>
<br/>
{{Verb}}

Styling:

.card {
 font-family: arial;
 font-size: 20px;
 text-align: center;
 color: black;
 background-color: white;
}
.quest {
 font-family: arial;
 font-size: 15px;
 text-align: center;
 color: black;
 background-color: white;
}

Back Template:

{{FrontSide}}

<hr id=answer>
<div class=quest>Simple Form - Simple Past - Past Participle<br/> </br/></div>
{{conjugate}}


Click all of them away and you can now study your verbs!

For studying on the go I would advise to use Ankidroid for android phones and to use the AnkiWeb for both iPhones and Windows phones.
In Windows phone you can go to your decks page and just go to the menu and click on "attach to home screen" to have easy access to the website. This is almost as good as having an actual app.

I hope you'll have fun with this deck!

Study on!

Kia

Saturday, 6 July 2013

Interview #6, Charles Bond

A new interview, this time it's Charles Bond who is studying Japanese.

Name: Charles Bond
Country: United States
Age: 32

Original language
: English
New language: Japanese
Proficiency in new language: 4 (very good / near fluent)

How long have you been learning the language
: 10 years
Why are you learning the language: Because I have a strong interest in Japanese language and culture. Also, my wife is Japanese.

What do you find the most fun part about learning the language: Learning new words and new character sets.
What do you hate about learning the language: Trying to correctly remember layers of formality I am not accustomed to using in my native tongue.

What is your tip to other people learning this language
: Start with Hiragana and katakana, and speak with native speakers as much as possible. There is no such thing as too much Japanese media exposure.
Start reading as soon as you can.

Do you have a tip for everyone learning a new language: Find media you enjoy in that language, and watch as much as you can with and watch/listen to as much as you can with and without subtitles.
Spend as much time as you can with native speakers.
Always learn the native alphabet as soon as you can.


Thank you so much for filling out this questionnaire Charles!
We actually talked about formal language on the trilingual post of this week: Polite language, and showed how both Dutch and Japanese have formal and informal language while English only has one style.

If you want to be part of this too, you can fill out the questionnaire on the Language interviews page.

Study on!

Kia

Wednesday, 3 July 2013

Learning kana, post 5 (katakana a-do)

We've finished hiragana and one set of special sounds and combinations in the previous four posts. You can find them here:
Hiragana a-zo, hiragana ta-po, hiragana ma-n, special sounds.

Since you're now used to writing and thinking about Japanese kana more the katakana range will be split in just 2 sets. We'll talk about the first one today and the second one next week. After that there will be just one kana post left, it will talk about special katakana combinations to make certain sounds that are not native to Japanese but are used in other languages.

Katakana is the kana set that people use to write non-Japanese words, like Chinese or English loan words or foreign names.

Just a note before we start, katakana has a couple of quite difficult to distinguish kana that look a LOT like other kana. I haven't found a trick yet to tell them apart, so it's just a case of practice practice and more practice.

The sounds of katakana are the same as hiragana and so are all the cards you'll be studying.

This set is written a lot more steady and on a different type of card, I think these should be easier to read.
As before, all the gifs that are next to the cards come from: http://www.umich.edu/~umichjlp/Katakanapro/index.html


Row 1 vowels
Nothing too difficult in this set as far as I know.


A








 

I







U





E







O








Row 2 K/G
Some of these aren't that hard, KA looks like the KA from hiragana and the same goes for KI.


KA





GA










KI








GI









KU







GU









KE









GE








KO








GO








Row 3 S/Z
Some of these look like hiragana that aren't the same. I feel like SA looks like the hiragana SE but less angles and flipped and SU looks like hiragana E but more angled. And you'll meet 2 of the kana that are part of the difficult ones.


SA








ZA








SHI









JI








SU









ZU







SE





 

ZE








SO





 


ZO






Row 4 T/D
Here you encounter one of the other difficult kana.



TA

I don't know why, but this might be my fav katakana.







DA








CHI




 

JI
(uncommon, JI from SHI is preferred)







TSU

Tsu looks like shi but the "eyes" on it are straight up instead of sloped and the "mouth" is written the other way around.

ZU

(uncommon, ZU from SU is preferred)








TE








DE










TO








DO








And that is the first half of the katakana. Remember to practice a lot, the more you do the easier it will be to read them.


Study on!

Kia